A research study published by the Office of the National Anti-Corruption Commission (NACC) proposed guidelines for tackling corruption in general elections in Thailand.
The study stated that, since Thailand changed its administrative system from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy in 1932, the country has so far held 28 general elections. Questions have been raised about transparency, as some candidates were found to have committed corruption in various forms, such as vote-buying, bribery, and the production of false documents to attack their rivals.
The study suggested that the Election Commission should strictly enforce legal measures and take serious action against those who corrupt electoral practices. Fact-finding investigations concerning election disputes must be carried out and settled quickly. Moreover, results of criminal procedures against dishonest candidates should be made known to the public.
Members of the Election Commission should be selected from experienced and knowledgeable persons, as their performance and judgements must be in accordance with the law and should be acceptable by all sides.
The election system should be designed to make it difficult for corruption to happen. For instance, the “alternative vote/ preferential vote” system used by Australia in its general elections might be studied and adopted by Thailand as a way to reduce the corruption problem in the long run.
In addition, various sectors of society should encourage children and youth to be aware of being good citizens in a democratic system. Educational institutions should also provide them with education about democratic administration and characteristics of citizens in this system. Space should be provided for youth groups to express their political views constructively, as well.
Source: The Government Public Relations Department