It has been suggested that measures in the short term, medium term, and long term be implemented to tackle the corruption problem and raise Thailand’s score in the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI).
The suggestions were contained in an anti-corruption article, published by the Office of the National Anti-Corruption Commission (NACC), in the latest issue of the NACC Journal.
The article stated that Transparency International had used nine data sources to calculate Thailand’s score in the CPI. They include (1) Bertelsmann Foundation Transformation Index, (2) IMD World Competitiveness Year Book, (3) World Justice Project Rule of Law Index, (4) Political and Economic Risk Consultancy, (5) Global Insight Country Risk Ratings, (6) Economist Intelligence Unit Country Risk Ratings, (7) Political Risk Services International Country Risk Guide, (8) World Economic Forum Executive Opinion Survey, and (9) Varieties of Democracy Institute.
The article said that the nine data sources comprise mainly foreign business people, who have come to work in Thailand and are involved with several Thai laws, such as the Foreign Business Act, the Immigration Act, the Working of Aliens Act, and the Licensing Facilitation Act. Some state officials might seek to receive bribes from business people, while some business people might also give bribes to state officials.
In the short-term measures, all these laws, as well as legal mechanisms and related regulations, must be strictly enforced to reduce corruption and bribery. Corrupt officials must be punished.
In the medium-term measures, modern technology should be adopted in the management of the public sector to increase the efficiency of anti-corruption operations. The agencies involved with foreign investors should provide them with knowledge and information on various procedures and laws with regard to doing business in Thailand.
In the long-term measures, mechanisms should be created for greater access to information from all sectors. More whistleblowing channels should be opened for both Thais and foreigners who have been affected by state officials tending to corrupt or abuse their power.
Source: The Government Public Relations Department