“Warawut” continues to solve the problem of coastal erosion in Bang Khun Thian

Minister of Foreign Affairs is concerned about coastal erosion problems in the Bang Khun Thian area. Emphasize that there are many measures to solve the problem. In particular, the project to build a 4.7-kilometer breakwater as proposed by the BMA, must find a way to prevent further erosion of the breakwater at the end of the breakwater. % to alleviate the suffering of the people in the Bang Khun Thian seaside area.

Mr. Warawut Silpa-archa, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment (NRCT), led the ministry executives. Explore and solve coastal erosion problems around Bang Khun Thian with Mr. Chatchart Sittipunt, Governor of Bangkok Participated in hearing problems and finding ways to prevent and solve such problems from people in the area.

Mr. Warawut said that there are two causes of coastal erosion in Thailand, which are natural coastal erosion such as waves, coastal currents, high tide, monsoon winds and storms, and coastal erosion from human activities such as building along the edge of the river. coast building a sand trap construction of sand embankments and waves at the mouth of the channel, etc.

For coastal erosion around Bang Khun Thian. The cause is not from rising sea levels. It can be observed from the 28th pillar of Bangkok, dividing the area between Bang Khun Thian district. Bangkok with Samut Prakan Province and the 29th digit, the area between Bang Khun Thian District Bangkok with Samut Sakhon Province Created after the provincial demarcation act was promulgated in the Gulf of Thailand in 1959, during the 60-year period, this boundary still emerged above the water. If there is a significant sea level rise This landmark should be submerged. Solving the problem requires a combination of measures.

As for the project to build a breakwater in Bangkok, the length of which is 4.7 kilometers, which requires part of the government’s budget support. will help speed up to alleviate the suffering of the people But what you need to be careful about is When building a breakwater The area at the end of the breakwater may be more eroded. Therefore, in order to prevent and solve the problem of sustainable coastal erosion. for related agencies to integrate systematically in order to be able to solve problems sustainably and not affect other areas Ready to give importance to the participation of all sectors and let the public participate as much as possible.

Mr. Chatchart Sittipunt, Governor of Bangkok, said he had entrusted Mr. Warawut to help expedite the budget for the project. By building breakwaters in this area, 70% of the budget of the BMA is spent, 30% is supported by the government, as well as the need to accelerate the restoration of mangrove forests to help reduce coastal erosion.

Mr. Jatuporn Burusphat, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, said that Bangkok has land subsidence problems. Caused by a delta of soft ground. Some parts of Bangkok are below mean sea level. Including pumping groundwater in the past heavy building construction canal filling to road causing the catchment area that used to be a lot of water in the past to disappear Obstruction and blockage of drainage, etc. Global warming situation that affects the drowning of Bangkok. There is a continuous impact from climate change caused by La Nina and El Niño (EI Nino) phenomena that cause more or less rain than usual. Climate is an important issue that every country pays attention to. Currently, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE) is in the process of improving the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan or UNFCCC: NAPs under the UNFCCC Cancun Agreement framework for adaptation to provide a mechanism and means to identify medium- and long-term adaptation needs. It leads to the integration of climate change adaptation into related policies, plans and activities. to present to the Cabinet for information and promulgation

Mr. Apichai Ekwanakul, Deputy Director-General of the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources Acting Director General of the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (DMCR) revealed that the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (DMCR) has a related mission in Bang Khun Thian. It is the only area in Bangkok that faces the sea. which is in charge of Bangkok by the status of the coast of Bangkok at present The coastline is approximately 7.11 km. The area is a muddy beach in the coastal rehabilitation approach. It is an area experiencing coastal erosion problems. Corrective actions have been taken in all such areas. But there is still erosion about 2.60 kilometers and there is no further erosion 4. 51 km. Currently, there is a project to prevent and solve the problem of coastal erosion in Bangkok. in various ways Whether embroidering bamboo to slow down the waves laying concrete pillars offshore wave protection rock dam and a dumping rock dam to address coastal erosion problems. After the construction of coastal erosion protection structures The coastline in Bang Khun Thian began to adjust to a new balance. There was no change in the coastline resulting from coastal erosion problems in the past 3 years.

In this regard, the Department of NRCT has a guideline for managing the coastline in Bang Khun Thian District. To help reduce problems that may cause Bangkok to sink under water. by following the guidelines for planning Coastal Erosion Prevention and Solution Project Cabinet on January 16, 2018, using coastal stability as the main approach, i.e. defining receding areas, planting forests and setting up sediment traps. Along with the implementation of the 13th National Economic and Social Development Plan (2023-2027), the use of natural approaches to sustainable management of natural disasters and climate change is encouraged, for example, solving coastal erosion By restoring the original coastal ecosystems that are important natural phenomena. to strengthen and restore mangrove forests along the coastline At present, the mangrove forest in Bang Khun Thian area lacks fertility. The density is about 50 meters, which is considered low. Because the fertile mangrove forest must have a density of about 300 meters.

Therefore, it is necessary to proceed in the form of piling sludge traps. or other appropriate sediment trapping methods; mangrove planting by the public and private sectors; creating incentives for planting mangrove forests in the land title deeds, such as tax reductions, retreating residential areas and occupational areas such as shrimp farming from sea line to rehabilitate the mangrove forest Preparation of coastal land use plans that are appropriate and consistent with coastal erosion prevention. Expropriate coastal areas in the distance of 300-500 meters along the coastline to create mangrove forests. Demolish unused solid structures such as piers, buildings, shops encroaching on the beach. which is one of the reasons for coastal erosion Including adding sediment from river mouth dredging.

Source: Thai News Agency

Post Author: tmadmin